The most valuable ore deposits contain metals crucial to industry and trade, like copper, gold, and iron. Copper ore is mined for a variety of industrial uses. Copper, an excellent conductor of electricity, is used as electrical wire. Copper is also used in construction.
When the ore deposit in relatively narrow, shorter cuts are made. This variation is called shortwall mining. The old-school technique of blast mining, that uses explosives like TNT to break up ore, is still in use, but just barely – less than 5 percent of U.S. production source: Great Mining .
From its original home buried underground in a mine to its use in a finished product such as wire or pipe, copper passes through a number of stages. When it is recycled it can pass through some over and over again.
Iron processing, use of a smelting process to turn the ore into a form from which products can be fashioned. Included in this article also is a discussion of the mining of iron and of its preparation for smelting. Iron Fe is a relatively dense metal with a silvery white appearance and distinctive magnetic properties.
Tin processing, preparation of the ore for use in various products. Tin Sn is a relatively soft and ductile metal with a silvery white colour. It has a density of 7.29 grams per cubic centimetre, a low melting point of 231.88 C 449.38 F , and a high boiling point of 2,625 C 4,757 F .
The Basics of Copper Mining and Processing. Mined from open pits, copper ore must be crushed as part of the process that occurs between extraction and production. Using today’s compact mining equipment, copper ore is extracted from the mine. After the ore is crushed, it’s roasted, which helps to convert sulfides to oxides.
Yet mining the ore is just one stage in a long and complex gold mining process. Long before any gold can be extracted, significant exploration and development needs to take place, both to determine, as accurately as possible, the size of the deposit as well as how to extract and process the ore efficiently, safely and responsibly.
The major types of zinc ore deposits are generally found to be sediment-hosted, volcanic-hosted, intrusion-related, Broken Ore type or Mississippi Valley Type. The Zinc Mining Process The zinc mining process is conducted primarily underground, with more than 80 percent of all zinc extracted beneath the Earth’s surface.